The wait is now over. Following the tradition, Gartner has identified and outlined top ten strategic technology trends for the new year 2019.
However, let us first discuss what a strategic technology trend is according to Gartner?
Gartner defines “strategic technology trends” as those technologies which will have a significant impact and the potential to disrupt over the period of next few years.
Here are the top 10 strategic technology trends for 2019, according to Gartner.
1. Autonomous Things
Autonomous products like drones, self-driving cars, and appliances generally use Artificial Intelligence (AI) to perform the functions automatically which are performed by mortal beings.
According to Gartner, a significant shift is expected from the singular smart product to a pack of smart products connected to work with or without a human touch. They also believe that AI will now empower the autonomous things to interact more naturally with their surroundings.
2. Augmented Analytics
Augmented analytics, by the use of machine learning, focuses on a particular field of augmented intelligence in order to transform how analytics is developed, shared and consumed.
Gartner predicts that the Augmented analytics capabilities will see more mainstream adoption and will serve as a critical feature in data management, data preparation, modern analytics, process mining, business process management, and data science platforms.
According to Gartner, by 2020, 40% of the data science tasks will be done automatically which will result in an increase in productivity and data scientists will end up using it more than ever.
3. AI-Driven Development
Gartner says that the market is now shifting towards a model in which professional developers are operating alone by using the predefined models into their applications to be delivered as a service. This will eliminate the involvement of a professional data scientist.
Gartner believes that by 2022, at least 40% of new application development projects will have co-developers specializing in Artificial Intelligence in their team.
“Ultimately, highly advanced AI-powered development environments automating both functional and nonfunctional aspects of applications will give rise to a new age of the ‘citizen application developer’ where non – professionals will be able to use AI-driven tools to generate new solutions automatically. Tools that enable non-professionals to generate applications without coding are not new, but we expect that AI-powered systems will drive a new level of flexibility,” said David Cearley, vice president and Gartner Fellow
4. Digital Twins
Digital twins basically mean the digital representation of real-life objects or systems. It is not something new as it goes back to the computer-aided design (CAD) representation.
However, it is now a growing trend since the Internet of Things (IoT) has gained traction and it is also a lot different than it was. It is now more robust, helps in real-time monitoring and controlling and have the capacity to interact with them and evaluate the “what if” situation.
The focus is now on their integration with the IoT, which can help to improve the decision-making by offering data and insights about the product and how it could perform better.
5. Empowered Edge
“Technology and thinking will shift to a point where the experience will connect people with hundreds of edge devices.”
Edge computing facilitates the processing, collection, and delivery of the information to happen closer to the source, as it will help to keep the traffic local and thus reduce latency.
Gartner expects that by 2028, there will be a steady rise in the installation of the sensor, storage and advanced AI capabilities in the edge devices.
6. Immersive Experience
The line between the physical and the digital world is getting blurred. The ways in which this is happening is called as an immersive experience.
Gartner believes that by 2028, the combination of conversational platforms and technologies like Augmented Reality (AR), Mixed Reality (MR) and Virtual Reality (VR) will lead to a unique immersive experience and will change how users perceive and interact with the world.
Gartner states that by 2022, 70% of the business enterprises will experiment with immersive technologies for consumer use, and around 25 percent would have already deployed them to production.
According to Gartner the technology and the thinking of people will have a major shift to such an extent that the immersive experience will have the ability to connect humans with multiple edge devices.
“Blockchain technologies offer a set of capabilities that provide for new business and computing paradigms. Exploiting blockchain will demand that enterprises be willing to embrace decentralisation in their business models and processes. It is not straightforward,” says David Furlonger, Distinguished Vice President-Analyst, Gartner.
Blockchain allows companies to work with parties who are not trustworthy and the ability to trace a transaction without the need of a bank or any other centralised party.
It is believed that blockchain has the potential to lower the costs, reduce the time to settle a transaction and improve the cash flow.
Gartner says that businesses should start considering the blockchain technology as they believe blockchain will create an estimate of $3.1 trillion by 2030 in the business value.
8. Smart Spaces
Gartner defines a smart space as an environment which can be either physical or digital in which human beings and tech-enabled systems interact in an open, connected and smart ecosystems. There is a massive growth in the smart spaces with some examples being smart homes and digital workplaces.
Another significant model of smart spaces is smart cities which are areas that combine business community, residential community and industrial community using urban frameworks to enable social collaboration.
9. Digital Ethics and Privacy
According to Gartner, consumers are getting more aware of the value of their personal information and are concerned about how private and government entities use it. They believe that the enterprises who don’t pay attention to the security of consumer data are at a significant risk of consumer rejection. The consumers want their data to be safe.
Gartner says they expect a growing focus on risk reduction and consequences in coming years.
10. Quantum Computing
Gartner believes that Quantum computing is maturing much faster than the world realizes with developers building and running quantum computing applications using the cloud environment.
Even though it is growing at a significant rate, Gartner believes that most enterprises would still remain in the exploration phase by 2022 except a few businesses for whom the quantum algorithms would provide a significant advantage.
What lies ahead!
Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain are the future of the technology industry with smart spaces also being established. Gartner also believes that user interaction with the outside world along with how they perceive is going to change with immersive technology gaining a foothold.
Privacy and ethics are also going to matter a lot in the future with the consumer getting aware.
With all these strategic technology trends, the future for sure looks exciting.